[Side note: this is probably something that’s been done many, many times, but I’mma do it anyway ‘cause I’m bored and I have J! Archive.]
We all know Jeopardy!, right? And we all know how it’s played. Three people stand at three lecterns and give the correct questions to answers coming from a few topics of interest.
If you buzz in to give a question and you give the correct question, it’s your turn to select the next answer. That’s how the game progresses through the answers. But at the start of the game, it’s the person in the left-most lectern who gets to choose the first answer.
Here is my question: does this “first to pick an answer” give an advantage to the player in the left-most lectern? More specifically, does the person in the left-most lectern win significantly more games compared to the other players?
We can actually look at this from two different standpoints. Before we do that, let’s just make this a bit easier by calling the left-most lectern (from the viewer’s standpoint) Lectern 1, the middle lectern Lectern 2, and the right-most lectern Lectern 3.
- Games where the player in Lectern 1 is a returning champion. If you win a game of Jeopardy!, you get to come back for the next game and you stand at Lectern 1. An argument might be made that returning champions are “stronger players” than the other two people at the other two lecterns, which would thus lead to those in Lectern 1 winning more often than the others. That might be the case, but we also have…
- Games where the player in Lectern 1 is not a returning champion. This is not too common anymore due to the unrestricted number of games a person can win, but in older seasons, a person was limited to a maximum of five consecutive winning days. Thus, there were more cases where all three players were “new” to the Jeopardy! Scene. In such cases, an argument could be made that the person at Lectern 1 would have no consistent advantage over the other players apart from the fact that they get to pick the first answer (and from what teh interwebs tell me, the players are seated randomly if there is no returning champion).
So let’s analyze!
- If Lectern 1 is occupied by a returning champion, then a significantly larger proportion of Lectern 1 individuals will win (be in first place at the end of a Jeopardy! game) compared to the other two lecterns.
- If Lectern 1 is not occupied by a returning champion, then there will not be a significant difference in the proportion of Lectern 1 individuals who will win (be in first place at the end of a Jeopardy! game) compared to the other two lecterns.
- If Lectern 1 is occupied by a returning champion, then they will not earn a significantly larger amount of money compared to the other two lecterns (I think there’s way too much variability with the end monetary result to suspect that Lectern 1’s returning champion will have a significantly larger winning sum than the others).
- If Lectern 1 is not occupied by a returning champion, they will not earn a significantly larger amount of money compared to the other two lecterns.
Data Collection and Analyses
I used the massive database that is J! Archive for my data collection. I randomly selected 25 games that had a returning champion at Lectern 1 and another 25 games that did not have a returning champion at Lectern 1. For each game, I recorded the rank of the players for each lectern (who finished first, second, and third) as well as the monetary earnings for each lectern.
For testing hypotheses 1 and 2, I chose to use a two-sample z-test for a difference of proportions. I used my Lectern 1 sample as my “sample 1” and then grouped the Lectern 2 and Lectern 3 samples to treat as my “sample 2.”
For testing hypotheses 3 and 4, I chose to use a two-sample t-test for a difference of means. Again, I used my Lectern 1 sample as my “sample 1” and then grouped the Lectern 2 and Lectern 3 samples to treat as my “sample 2.”
I decided to group Lecterns 2 and 3 together just because I don’t really care about any differences between Lecterns 2 and 3—just the difference between Lectern 1 and the other two lecterns.
Testing hypothesis 1:
Testing hypothesis 2:
Testing hypothesis 3:
Testing hypothesis 4:
Conclusions (using α = 0.05)
Hypothesis 1: Based on the data, we can conclude that the proportion of winners at Lectern 1 is significantly higher than the proportion of winners at the other two lecterns if Lectern 1 is occupied by returning champion.
Hypothesis 2: Based on the data, we can conclude that the proportion of winners at Lectern 1 is not significantly different from the proportion of winners at the other two lecterns if Lectern 1 is occupied by returning champion (more specifically, also, the proportion of winners at Lectern 1 is not significantly higher than the proportion of winners at the other two lecterns.
Hypothesis 3: Based on the data, we can conclude that the average amount of winnings at Lectern 1 is significantly higher than the average amount of winnings at the other two lecterns if Lectern 1 is occupied by a returning champion (this is not what I thought would happen!).
Hypothesis 4: Based on the data, we can conclude that the average amount of winnings at Lectern 1 is not significantly different (more specifically, higher) than the average amount of winnings at the other two lecterns if Lectern 1 is not occupied by a returning champion.
So this is a relatively small sample, yes, but it supports the idea that the “advantage” of being in Lectern 1 to choose the first answer is not really a thing. Really, the advantage is whether or not you’re a returning champion. If you’re a returning champion, you are probably a pretty strong Jeopardy! player (and maybe good at wagering, too), so you’re probably going to do better than your competitors a decent amount of the time.
Anyway. A larger sample size for this analysis would be an interesting thing to do.
It sounds like the next state being added to American Truck Simulator is Utah.
That’s got to mean they’ll do Idaho at some point. I bet they’ll do Colorado too pretty soon. I’m not sure which one they’ll do first (or if they’ll do something like Texas instead), but I think it’s a good sign that Idaho will happen.
THAT WOULD BE SO COOL
This game makes me appreciate the relative realism built into ETS and ATS.
Maddie, does watching this guy’s mad pro bus skillz give you heart palpitations?
Gonna play this bad boy right now.
Edit: crap, I started my dude in Tucson, so it’s going to take me a while to get jobs that’ll take me to Washington. Darn, I guess I’ll have to truck more.
American Truck Simulator is getting a Washington state expansion!
That means Seattle, Spokane, and…maybe Pullman??
SUPER COOL I NEED IT
It looks so freaking pretty, holy crap.
Next they need Idaho. I bet a lot of people would be like “lawl, why the potato state, there’s nothing there!”
- Craters of the Moon
- Rocky Mountains
- Shoshone Falls
- Hells Canyon
- The Lewiston grade (super cool for truckers?!?)
I think all of those things would be cool.
Zomg, do you like FPSs? Are you stuck in the early 90s? Do you think Quake is still one of the best games ever made?
THEN YOU NEED TO TRY DUSK
It’s so good.
I’m not very far in, but—let me say it again—it’s so good. Most video games don’t hold my attention for very long for some reason. It takes a really special game to keep me actually engaged for any stretch of time. This list of games includes:
- Fallout 3
- Rock Band
- Euro Truck Simulator 2
- The Sims*
I can now add Dusk to that list. I could play this for hours at a time.
*The Sims is…special. I will spend three hours making a family, but as soon as I’m tasked with building them a house, I “nope” outta there to go make a new family. I’m one of those Sims players.
This is super interesting, holy cow.
Man, I wish Pokemon Go had been able to read your phone’s health app data from the very start, because now I’m getting these kind of results:
Which is great for hatching eggs and acquiring buddy candy.
Edit: prof, u ok?
HAHAHA, oh my god.
“Put ‘em in the Fun Pit.”
“Go back to Thanos. See what he’s up to. Oh, he’s playin’ football!”
I like to think this is how they storyboarded Infinity War.
I FORGOT TO MENTION THIS, TOO
So when we were in Spokane, we also happened upon this:
This is Mille Bornes, a game that we used to play with my grandma and grandpa back when I was in like 4th grade or so.
The box is all updated and modern, but the cards are the same “old” style. They just don’t have the French on them anymore.
Basically it’s like a card racing game: you want to be the first to get to 200 miles. You get certain distance/mileage cards, hazard cards to give to others, and safety cards to protect against hazard cards or to undo their effects. I remember it being very fun. If you ever see it, you should get it and try it!
This is the cutest thing I’ve ever seen.
The beard suits her, haha.
I just spent $49,000 to further customize and upgrade my truck in ETS2. It’s super awesome now.
(Yes, I’m still obsessed with this game)
Read the title.
You: “A trucking simulator? Really?”
You: “But that sounds boring.”
Me: “SORRY, I CAN’T HEAR YOU OVER MY SCANIA”
It’s very fun. Very relaxing. I delivered beets to Kiel. I only crashed into a few cars. Europe has too many roundabouts.
Have a video! Not mine, obviously.
Super fun, seriously.
Edit: SCREW YOU AND YOUR BACKWARDS WAYS, ENGLAND! SCREW YOU SCREW YOU SCREW YOU
So Nate and I have been playing Rock Band incessantly (baseball is over, what the hell are we supposed to do with our evenings??) and there are a lot of good songs on Rock Band 4.
Like, more than I was expecting.
You Make Loving Fun by Fleetwood Mac
All Over You by LIVE
Mainstream Kid by Brandi Carlile
Light Up the Night by The Protomen
My God is the Sun by Queens of the Stone Age
Milwaukee by The Both
The Impression That I Get by The Mighty Mighty Bosstones
I Will Wait by Mumford & Sons
I am Electric by Heaven’s Basement
(I like to think of this as Emo Jesus’ anthem.
I am the savior, I am the savior, I am the savior, I am the savior!
Watch me rise / on the third day I will blow your mind! Etc.)
Good songs, yo.
Nate has gotten me into Overwatch, because I’m always all about a good FPS and the game looks interesting on its own. I have like zero time to do anything but walk and frantically churn out school stuff right now, but we’ll see how things go once I get a chance to get into it!
Edit: my favorite is Pharah. Thrusters!
Edit 2: I’m so freaking bad at this. It’s just like everything else I do!
Edit 3: new favorite: Roadhog. Pig dude + shotgun-like weapon? I’ll take it.
AAAAAAAAAAA THERE ARE POKEMON BABIES NOW CATCHABLE IN POKEMON GO
I WANT A CLEFFA
LOOK AT THAT ADORABLE LITTLE NERD
Welcome to Half-Life.
I laugh because he made a lot of obvious mistakes/missteps, but I guess if you’re someone who hasn’t played 600 hours* of Half-Life, those mistakes/missteps might actually not be so obvious.
*It’s an estimate, but it’s probably a conservative estimate. I’ve played a lot of Half-Life.
Okay, so I know I’m behind the times in this (most likely) because that’s just how I roll, but I just downloaded the cutest app: Neko Atsume!
You get a yard and some cat food and can use the food to entice cats to hang out in your yard. The cats show their gratitude by bringing you fish, which you can then use to buy all sorts of goodies to fill the yard and keep the cats coming.
There are a bunch of “regular” cats and then there are some rare ones that appear every once and awhile if you’ve got the right items in your yard.
Seriously. Is this cute or what?
You get a little album for each cat and if they enjoy your yard, you get a little memento from them.