# “When Will I Use That?” – Calculus Edition

Alternate title: *Claudia Makes Things Way More Complicated than They Need to Be Because She Sucks*

We had this bonus question on our homework for Probability today:

**Suppose X has a density defined by**

**Let F _{X}(x) be the cumulative distribution of X. Find the area of the region bounded by the x-axis, the y-axis, the line y = 1, and the curve y = F_{X}(x).**

And I was like, “Aw, sweet! Areas of regions! CALCULUS!”

So first, I had to find the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of X. Easy. It’s just the integral of the density f_{X}(x) from negative infinity to a constant b. In this case:

With 2 ≤ b ≤ 3. So that’s my curve y. The area I’m looking for, therefore, is this (the red part, not the purplish part):

Now anyone with half a brain would look at this and go, “oh yeah, that’s easy. I can find the area of the rectangle formed by the two axes, the line y = 1, and the line x = 3, then find the area of the region below the curve from 2 to 3, and subtract the latter from the former to get the correct area.”

Which works. Area of rectangle = 3, area of region below F_{X}(x) = .25, area of region of

interest = **2.75**.

Or they could remember the freaking formula that was explicitly taught last week. Such areas can be calculated using:

But did I see either of those?* Nooooooope.*

I looked at the graph and was like, “how the hell do you find that?” I tried a few things that didn’t work, then realized that it would be a lot easier to figure out if I changed the integral from being in terms of x (or b, rather) to being in terms of y.

So then I just had to integrate. This gave me the right answer: **2.75**!

Moral of the story: don’t complicate things. But if you *do *complicate things, you might actually end up in a scenario where you’ll use something that you were taught back in calculus I but didn’t ever suspect you’d actually use. I had appreciated learning the handy-dandy technique of changing variables, but I didn’t think I’d be in a situation where I’d apply it. Shows what *I* know, eh?

It was a nice refresher, at least. I’ve missed calculus.

# Claudia vs. The PDF of Doom: An Epic battle

Holy freaking Adobe goblins, I just spent nine hours trying to create a single PDF out of 34 textbook chapters.

**NINE HOURS.**

That’s **FIVE HUNDRED AND FORTY MINUTES.**

**PDFs DO NOT WORK THAT WAY.**

Yes, I admit the final document was going to be huge; 34 chapters do not lend themselves to a dinky complete textbook. But still…Adobe Pro (usually) makes it easy to merge a bunch of PDFs into one 743-page-long conglomeration, especially when said PDFs are 34 pre-tagged, page-numbered, ready-to-be-bookmarked chapters. It should not have taken me an average of 44 seconds per page here, people.

Haha, sorry. I seriously did just spend nine hours on something that should have taken me at most an hour, maybe an hour and a half. Needed to vent.

Plus there’s nothing of interest going on today. As usual.

Ooh, but I am gathering data for the big blog analyses that are coming for next Tuesday. *Be prepared!*